Hericium erinaceus high yield eight measures

Selection of improved varieties First of all, the parent species for production should be characterized by excellent growth, rapid growth, evenness and neatness, and a full slope within two weeks at the appropriate temperature. Refrigerator preservation often form the original base, microscopic examination of a small amount of chlamydospores, if too much spore production is low. If the mycelium is yellow, thin, and sparse, it indicates that the strain is degraded. Uneven growth, inhomogeneity, or antagonistic phenomena indicate that the strains are not pure and should not be used. All the original species should be dense and white, uniform from top to bottom, sterile filaments, and hyphae on the surface. If the matrix shrinks, the material wall is detached and the color is dark, indicating that the bacteria species are aging. There were various stripes and spots on the perimeter of the wall, indicating that the strains were miscellaneous and could not be used. Secondly, the strain age should be appropriate. Normally, the parent species and original species preserved in the refrigerator should not exceed 3 months, and should not exceed 20 days at room temperature (20°C). If the bacteria age is too long, the vigor is decreased, not only the growth is slow, the yield is low, but also the resistance is poor, and it is extremely easy to be miscellaneous. In addition, we must select suitable varieties that are suitable for local production.

Timely cultivation of Hericium mycelium optimum temperature of about 24 °C, fruiting body temperature 18 ~ 20 °C. The bacteria is very sensitive to environmental conditions, especially in the fruit-body phase. When the temperature is higher than 25°C or lower than 12°C, no normal fruit body can be formed, which shows no thorns, yellowing, clumping, deformity or reddening. Growth stops. The cultivation in the north is inoculated in February or September, and the fruiting is best in March to April or October to November. The spring and autumn cultivation in the South can be advanced or postponed by 20 to 30 days respectively. Practice has proved that the northern spring planting should not be later than the middle of March mushrooming, so as to avoid the mushroom during the period of high temperature above 25 °C lead to reduced production and lower quality. If the temperature in autumn is low (below 30°C), inoculate as early as possible so that the fruiting can be ended before the temperature falls below 12°C.

Raw material configuration raw material configuration is the basis for stable production and high production. The original species and cultivated species culture materials can be obtained in the field. Commonly used formulas include 87% cottonseed husk, 10% wheat bran, 1% sucrose, 1% plaster, and 1% wood chips. Studies have shown that, within a certain range, the amount of added wheat bran in the medium increases, and the yield increases, but there is a limit. Cottonseed husk cultivation, the amount of wheat bran should not exceed 15%, otherwise it will not only increase the cost, and the fruiting body is loosely branched, cauliflower-like or coral-like, reducing quality. In order to improve the quality of the output, the amount of water in the allowable range can be increased as much as possible, and the ratio of material to water is better than 1:1.5 to 1.6. Thus, the head of the mushroom has a large ball weight, good white color and good quality.

Pouch cultivation practice has proved that Hericium erinaceus pouch (14 cm and 30 cm) is equipped with a collar and cultivated at both ends. In general, the first wave is 2 to 5 days ahead, and the ball diameter is 8 to 9 cm. When bagging, tighten the inner loose to prevent the loss of water from the substrate and affect the normal fruiting. In addition, it is expected to fill up and leave less space so as to avoid long handles and consume more nutrients.

Thorough sterilization and thorough sterilization are the key to ensure the finished product rate. Autoclave pouches are required to maintain 1.5 to 1.8 hours at a pressure of 14.7104 Pa. The large bags are maintained for 1.8 to 2.4 hours. Atmospheric pressure is maintained at 100°C for 4 hours and then incubated for 4 hours. If the temperature is not enough, the sterilization time must be extended. . Autoclave sterilization must also prevent the bacteria bags from bursting, so the filling does not have to be too tight. When sterilizing, the valve should be heated, simmer gently, exhaust slowly, and naturally reduce blood pressure. In order to prevent the hole in the bag surface, after sterilization, the bag is hot-dipped with concentrated lime water with a pH of 13, which can significantly increase the yield of the bag.

Mushroom ventilation and moisturizing Hericium erinaceus cultivation and management of the focus in the mushroom period, mushroom period management is the key to temperature control, ventilation, moisturizing. Pouch cultivation began 19 to 24 days after the formation of the original base, this time should be moved into the mushroom house, timely ventilation, to prevent the original base atrophy, delayed mushrooming. The tube plant can be used to open a 1 to 2 cm cross with a knife to increase oxygen and promote fruit body differentiation. After opening, the humidity should be increased to spray water so that the relative humidity of the air can reach 80% to 90%. After the fruiting, must not spray water to young buds, otherwise the water infiltrated into the bag will cause shrinkage of young mushrooms, and then deterioration rot, less spray spray, with the growth of mushroom body, the water increased. If the temperature is high and the ventilation is poor, less or no spray is required. The ventilation is good and the temperature is suitable. The fruiting body is extremely sensitive to carbon dioxide. When the concentration of carbon dioxide in the air exceeds 0.1%, it will stimulate mushroom stems to continuously differentiate into cauliflower-like, coral-like fruit bodies and reduce palatability. Therefore, ventilation must be strengthened, 2 to 3 times a day for 30 minutes. It is also possible to open the sash to ensure that the air is fresh, but it is not possible to blow the mushrooms to prevent the discoloration and shrinkage.

Timely harvest of Hericium erinaceus from budding to maturity is generally about 10 days. Due to different uses, the harvesting standards vary. If fresh food, canning or salting, the best length of 0.3 to 0.5 centimeters of the thorns is harvested. At this time, the mushroom body is heavy and palatable. If the length of the spines is longer than 1 cm, the spores will begin to splinter, which will inevitably reduce nutrition, and at the same time, the mushroom body will become soft and the taste will decline. When harvesting, use a knife to cut off, leaving l ~ 2 cm mushroom handle. In order to increase the yield, the first tidal mushroom was harvested and the water was stopped for 3 days. After being ventilated on the 1st, the surface of the mushroom root was shrunk. Then two 8-10 cm deep holes were punched in the bag end with bamboo chopsticks. Replenishment of 50 to 100 ml. 24 hours after the control of excess water, in the temperature cultured 7 to 10 days out of two tide mushroom.

In the later period, the water loss of the mushroom bag after the cover soil was mixed was very serious, and the mycelium of the hericium became weaker, the vigor was reduced, and it was easily contaminated. Especially in warm and humid environment, it is very easy to infect Trichoderma viride. The genus is aerobic, thermophilic, and humid, and once it occurs, it is extremely difficult to control. Therefore, soil-covered cultivation can be carried out. The specific operation is to first cover the ground with 5-6 cm, and then remove the outer bag. Place the bacteria bags in two rows vertically. The spacing is 10-12 cm and the spacing between the bags is 2-3 cm. After arranging each layer, add 3 to 4 centimeters of soil, fill the gap, and spray the wet after the second layer, usually can be 6 to 8 layers. The mud wall is smoothed with mud on both sides, and the thickness is 1 to 2 cm. The wall top is sealed with mud to make moisturizing. After this treatment, it can not only prevent mildew, but also provide moisture and nutrients for the growth of Hericium erinaceus. Usually, it can also produce 2~3 tide mushrooms. Can also be used to cover the soil, which is more conducive to pay for water.

Product Name

Goji Berry Powder


Orange-yellow or orange color powder



Physics & Chemical Characteristic

Moisture (%)



No Peculiar Smells

Total Sugar (% As glucose)


Ash (%)


Microorganism Characteristics

Bacterium total (cfu/g)


Yeast (cfu/g)


Mould (cfu/g)


Corliform (MPN/100g)


Pathogenic Bacteria (cfu/ml)



5kg in aseptic bag, and two bags per paper carton


Normal temperature for 24 months.

Goji Freeze-Dried Powder

Goji Berry Halal Powder,Goji Freeze-Dried Powder,Organic Fresh Goji Powder,Freeze Organic Goji Powder