Using mushroom cultivation waste to cultivate Coprinus comatus

Coprinus comatus is known for its chicken-like shape and taste like chicken. The beauty of taste and nutrition are superior to straw mushrooms and shiitake mushrooms. Its market price is 2-3 times that of oyster mushroom. It is a better market and higher price in recent years. A new variety of edible fungi. Some mushroom farmers in Luanping County, Shandong Province cultivated Coprinus comatus with cultivated wastes from cultivated mushrooms such as oyster mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms, and enoki mushrooms. They produced 1.5-2 kilograms of fresh mushrooms per kilogram of dry material, which was more effective and produced fungi. Open up a new way to increase production and income.

1. Disposal of waste The mushroom waste, shiitake mushroom, mushroom and other mushroom wastes are crushed and dried. Take dried edible fungus waste 50%, cottonseed husk 30%, dried chicken manure or dried cow dung 10%, corn flour 4%, lime 4%, ash 1%, gypsum powder l%. With 140% of the water (adjusted after the culture material moisture content 65%) mix and build the heap fermentation, turning 1-2 times in the middle.

2, bagging bacteria will ferment the good culture material bagging, adopt pressure sterilization for 5-8 hours, remove the access bacteria at both ends, and then place the bacteria in the 15-35 °C environment, generally 15-20 It will be good for the day.

3, mushroom bed management will be covered with mycelium bag upright discharge in the mushroom field ground bacteria bed, open the bag mouth straight film; cover the material surface of the bag fats 2-3 cm thick, spray water to make it wet , Tube film cover 1 layer newspaper, keep the temperature between 15-30 °C. After budding, newspapers were removed, and water spray was used to increase the air relative humidity of the bacteria bed to keep it at around 85%-95%.

4, timely harvest when the coprinus cotyledon fruiting body elongation caused by 20-30 cm, stipe tightly packed stipe, mushroom ring just loose, not open when the umbrella-like harvest, be careful to prevent bacteria from the edges of the cap off the stipe An open umbrella dissolves or darkens and loses its nutritional value. When harvesting, the mushroom body is gently lifted by hand and pulled up, and the horny soil can be cut off with a knife to sell it on the market or processed into a dry product for sale.

5. High-yield measures After the mushroom has been harvested, the end of the mushroom bag at the end of the mushroom will be upward, re-discharged into the bed of bacteria, and the bag will be opened to cover the soil and fertilizer to make it twice mushroom. After the mushroom bag has taken two mushrooms, it removes the tube from the tube and cuts the fungus rod from the middle and divides it into two fungus tubes. The cutting surface faces the upper row of the bacteria bed. The bed cover is 2-3 cm thick, and the water spray covers the soil. Cover the newspaper with bacteria to make it mushroom again. The entire fruiting period can harvest 2-3 tidal mushrooms, and the total bioconversion rate can be as high as about 200%.

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