Pleurotus ferulatus organic cultivation techniques

Cultivation season: The optimum temperature for the growth of the mycelia of Pleurotus ferulae is 5°C to 32°C, but it grows fastest in an environment with a temperature of 25°C, and the growth temperature of its fruit body is preferably 8°C to 15°C. The cultivation of the mushroom is generally performed in September-October, and in November to April the following year, mushroom management is performed. Cultivation site and cultivation method: The cultivation site can use rural idle houses (must be reconstructed). If the underground works (human defense tunnels, defense projects, basement) are equipped with light sources and ventilation facilities, they can also be used as cultivation places. Pleurotus ostreatus is mainly cultivated in the plastic bags of clinker. It can be cultivated on the ground in a single layer in the cultivation place. It can also be cultivated on the wall, and it can also be placed on a multi-layer mushroom stand to cultivate mushroom house. Utilization rate per unit area. Irrespective of the form of planting Pleurotus eryngii, the surrounding environment must be clean, hygienic, free of pests, and free from pollution, and it must be treated with sulphur. The cultivation area should be well ventilated and the air should be fresh and dry. Cultivation materials: The agricultural and forest by-products can be properly matched to prepare a culture material with comprehensive nutrition and good physical properties. Commonly used materials include cottonseed hulls, sawdust, bagasse, wheat straw, rice straw, bran, etc., and are supplemented with calcium carbonate, rock phosphate, and other minerals. These materials are all fresh, mildew-free, and free from damp and agglomerate. Culture medium formula: 1. 78% of wood chips, 20% of bran, 1% of calcium carbonate, 0.95% of phosphate rock powder, 0.05% of yeast chips; 2. 78% of cotton shells, 20% of bran, 1% of calcium carbonate, 0.95% of phosphate rock powder, 0.05% of yeast tablets; 3. Bagasse 78%, bran 20%, calcium carbonate 1%, phosphate rock powder 0.95%, yeast tablets 0.05%. Fungus bag production and mycelial culture: Aflatoxin mushroom bag can be made of low-pressure polyethylene plastic bag, the specification is 15cm 28cm or 17cm 33cm, the bagging process can refer to the bagging method of mushroom cultivation, sterilization, inoculation The cultivation techniques may refer to the organic cultivation techniques of Pleurotus eryngii. Mushroom management: After the genus Agaricus bag is cultured at a temperature of about 25°C for 1 to 1.5 months, the hyphae can be covered with a bacterial bag. When the mycelium grows full of bags for about 7 days, you can enter the mushroom management. Put the bacteria bag on the sterilized and insecticide-treated mushroom bed first, then use the following methods to induce mushroom: First, adjust the temperature to 12°C~15°C; Second, adjust the relative humidity of the air to 85%~95. %; The third is to adjust the light to 200 ~ 1500 lux; fourth is to conduct ventilation every day, in order to facilitate the convection of the air, maintaining ample fresh air in the cultivation space. Under the appropriate temperature, humidity, light and air conditions, the primordia soon grows in the bag. When the fruit body primordium appears on the surface of the bacterium culture medium, the tampon of the bacterium bag and the collar on the bacterium bag can be removed, and the relative humidity of the air is adjusted to about 95%, so that the primordium continues to grow. When the primordium grows to 2 cm in size, increase ventilation, reduce the relative humidity of the air to 80% to 90%, and adjust the temperature to 15°C to 18°C. In this condition, culturing to the fruiting body cover The volume gradually began to flatten and then harvested. Pleurotus eryngii is generally only harvested once, and the bag should be removed in time after harvesting.