Fermenting agent's operating skills

Skills for Fermenting Fertilizer Fertilizer Fermenting bacteria are usually in micrometers in diameter and are virtually invisible to the naked eye. These little ones are not difficult to "serve", but they are not allowed to operate, and they may also work well for healthy and strong people, such as " "Fever," "fever," and so on, lead to "powerful failure" and a waste of time on human and material resources. Therefore, we must pay attention to the correct specification of the operation to do more with less, otherwise it will work harder and harder! Below the golden treasure microbial fermentation auxiliaries as an example, talk about how to use fertilizer fermentation auxiliaries to produce the best economic benefits.
Jinbao Type I Fermentation Aid is a natural compound fermentative agent first introduced in China. The original strain was taken from the soil layer in the deep mountain jungle and subjected to special techniques such as high-tech screening, purification, and rejuvenation, and also absorbed internationally from Europe, America, Japan, and Korea. The essence of high-end microbiology engineering technology and process flow is manufactured by Seiko. Golden Baby Fermentation Aid is a complex flora composed of bacteria, filamentous bacteria, yeasts, actinomycetes, and other natural beneficial microorganisms and has a very good ability to decompose and digest oxygen during fermentation. Various "functional microbes" do not antagonize each other, coordinate operations, and utilize the "biochemical reactions" formed during the rapid propagation of "functional" microbes, and the accumulation of heat and metabolites during the biochemical reactions to complete organic materials. Deodorizing, decomposing, insecticidal, and sterilization processes and nutrient conversion processes to achieve “harmless” and “resource-based” treatment of all kinds of chicken manure, pig manure, cattle and sheep manure, pigeons, rabbits, Livestock and poultry excrement such as horses, leaves, sawdust, fur and other animal and plant waste, household waste, or other organic materials that need to be disposed of.
First, the good start off.
Fermentation agents generally have a start-up temperature requirement. Functional species in the Kinpo-I type fermentation auxiliaries grow fastest at temperatures above 10-15°C. Below this temperature range, they are easily inactive or semi-dormant. , Below 5 °C will be in dormant state, below 0 °C functional microbial species will be in a complete dormant state, unable to work properly. Therefore, in the temperature range below the most active state (less than 10-15 °C), artificial warming can generally be taken to try to make the ambient temperature reach 10-15 °C or more, which will help the microbes break the dormant state and enter the rapid breeding period. As soon as possible for the fermentation bed "work", this artificial warming called "start." After start-up, the bacteria will undergo a short-term adaptation period and then rapidly reproduce in geometric progression (ideally, up to 72 of 72 in 24 hours!!), and a large amount of heat and metabolism will be released during the fermentation process. Product, so that the ambient temperature continues to rise. Microbial strains can use their own heat to speed up reproduction, so that a virtuous circle can be formed and the startup can be completed.
How to get materials to start quickly? No problem in summer. In winter, you can choose to use according to the actual situation:
1, warm water. When the moisture content of the material is insufficient, hot water (30-40°C) should be added to it, which can speed up the start-up speed.
2, stove heater. In the material house, a stove or a heating system is used, and conditions can also be used for heating the air conditioner. After starting, the heater can be removed.
3, greenhouse heating. The temperature inside the greenhouse is relatively high. It can meet the starting conditions of the materials and transport the materials into the greenhouse.
4, steam warming. The purpose of warming can also be achieved by boiling water and using the diffuseness of water vapor in a room or a greenhouse.
In practical applications, many unexpected problems may arise. The following are the actual problems encountered in the two applications and solutions for reference:
1. The material is frozen and there is ice. In the winter in the south, from late autumn to early spring in the north, the material is frozen because of snow and frozen, and it contains a lot of ice. This kind of material is not startable because of the low temperature. Or even if it starts, because the material absorbs heat during the gradual melting process, the temperature of the material rises slowly or the temperature is too low, generally it can only maintain at about 40 degrees, and the fermentation speed is slow. Should: first transport the material into the room, allow it to gradually melt, and then use the above method to start.
2, impure material, impurities. Some users' materials contain inorganic impurities such as stones, slag, and sediment. If the content is small, there is no problem. If the content is too high, it will affect the fermentation temperature and speed. Should: minimize the impurity content and increase the material purity.
Second, the material ratio.
Jinbao-type fermentation aids can play a role in fermentation, relying on the functional bacteria. These babies are suitable for living in a "carbon-nitrogen ratio" (C/N ratio) of 20 to 30:1. At this time, the nutritional structure is optimal. We must try our best to meet this proportion in the material ratio. Too low a carbon-nitrogen ratio can lead to "malnutrition." If the fermentation material is pure

Livestock and poultry manure, under normal circumstances, the ratio of carbon to nitrogen is generally less than 20, and appropriate amounts of straw, sawdust and other carbon and nitrogen ratios should be added thereto.

Material. However, in fact, farms often consciously or unconsciously add some sawdust in their litter, or mix some of the feed.

Fiber materials, "chicken manure" is not pure chicken manure, resulting in a carbon to nitrogen ratio of approximately 30:1, which is considered to be "

Assume that, under other conditions, such as moisture content is basically appropriate, chicken feces containing a certain amount of impurities can be normally fermented without the need to add other auxiliary materials.
Straw and other strips of material should generally be chopped or crushed, mix and mix evenly. If finished fertilizers are to be sold externally, they should consider the “seeing phase” of the products, and the straw should be crushed; if the product is for personal use, the material fineness requirements May be looser. If the fermentation material is bark, sawdust, peanut skin, rice husk and other high crude fiber content, it should be added to the urea water, chicken manure, fecal water and other "nitrogen source" to adjust the "nutritional structure" (shown as " Carbon-nitrogen ratio") is within a reasonable range. More accurate "carbon-nitrogen ratio" calculation method can refer to the company's special information "carbon-nitrogen ratio calculation method."
III. Dilution method Dilution of gold baby fermentation auxiliaries is generally preferred to use better-quality rice bran (ratio 1:3-5). Rice bran has good nutrition and ventilation, and in the case of no rice bran, corn flour, bran and other fine powder can be used. For material substitution, the mixture of fungicide and rice bran can be sprayed with a small amount of water and then wetted (but the water can not be too much, otherwise, it will “consist” and it will not be conducive to spreading), and then evenly spread into the material pile. Chicken feces, pig manure and other fresh feces fermentation, because the feces themselves have good nutrition, diluted material requirements are not high. For the sawdust bark and other high crude fiber content, more difficult to ferment the material, or the time of the old chicken manure pig manure, can be diluted with more rice bran (according to 1:10), improve the strain fermentation "start nutrition" approach Promotes faster and better fermentation.
Fourth, moisture control The moisture of the fermented material should be maintained at 60 ~ 65%, so that the normal breeding of functional bacteria. A simple way to judge is: grab a handful of material by hand, and see that the water is not dripping on the finger-tap is a generally appropriate standard. If you do not see the watermark, it is too dry. If you drip down, it is too wet. Too much or too little moisture is not conducive to fermentation: too little water, slow fermentation of microorganisms, just as people in the "dehydration" state can not work as normal. Too much moisture rises slowly, and poor ventilation creates a local anaerobic environment, prompting another very unfavorable microorganism - spoilage strains are unsolicited, spoilage bacteria become troubled, and the most obvious sign is odor production. .
When fermenting, users should pay attention to the way of water regulation. 1, add water. It is necessary to grasp the principles of a few more and more gradually added. If conditions permit, hot water should be added so that it starts quickly. Note that it is best to burn the water directly to 30-40°C instead of boiling the water to 100°C and then cool to 30-40°C (the beneficial microorganisms in the water have been killed). 2, reduce water. If, due to various reasons, excessive moisture is generated in the material, affecting the speed of fermentation and increasing the temperature, measures should be taken to reduce the moisture. Methods are spread out to dry, add straw powder, dry earth, sawdust, glutinous rice and so on to the material.
Fifth, pay attention to the function of the ventilation of the golden treasure a type of fermentation auxiliaries function microbial strains are good (consumption) oxygen-type microorganisms, must participate in the fermentation of oxygen. This requires the material to be breathable and to prevent microorganisms from failing due to lack of oxygen. Here are some common methods of ventilation:
1. Turn over. Large-scale fertilizer factories can be turned over using a tipping machine, and farmers have no machinery at home and can only be turned over by hand. When tipping over, it should be as detailed as possible to achieve ventilation and ventilation.
2, punch. This method can save labor, operation is relatively simple, suitable for less labor users. It is practicable to drill holes in the material heap with a pointed stick of about 10 cm. The number should be as large as possible.
3, cover. Covering material fermentation should use straw, sacks and other ventilation materials. If covered with plastic sheeting, it should be padded with bricks and wooden sticks, 10-20 cm from the surface of the material. And should leave a proper gap to facilitate the entry of oxygen.
4, blower. The bottom layer of the material can be placed in a perforated pipe and blown with a blower to speed up oxygen supply.
Six, regulate pH.
Any microorganism has a pH suitable for its own growth, and the functional microorganisms in the Kinpo-1 fermentation aid are suitable for an environment with a pH of 6-8. Normal materials generally do not need to adjust the fermentation, the material can be adjusted with lime and lime, excessive alkali can be added acetic acid and other adjustments. Especially when the pH value is 10 or more or 5 or less, it must be adjusted.
Seven, rhythm control use Kinpo baby fermentation auxiliaries fermentation materials, the fermentation rhythm can be controlled within a certain range, to speed up the fermentation, can be used separately or in combination: increase the starting temperature, improve nutrition structure, improve ventilation, increase the number of turnover (less than 30 degrees down) and other measures. It is also possible to add a suitable amount of already fermented material to it, which can achieve the purpose of “feeding material, using new material, and promoting fermentation”. To slow or stop the fermentation, the opposite can be used.
Chicken manure, pig dung, and other animal manures fermented faster. They usually experienced a week or so, and they fell over once or twice in the middle. After that, the temperature gradually dropped to 40 or below, and the fermentation had already progressed to 78%. The color becomes darker or has been black, dark brown, without any original odor or with a slight ammonia smell, aroma, or earthy taste. At this time, the temperature of the material pile can be spread out to begin the next process. For example, after more than ten days, the temperature has been above 60 degrees, and the suspension of fermentation should be considered because over-fermentation is not good and it is easy to consume effective nutrients that have already formed. Artificial cooling measures can be used to enter the next process, such as quickly diluting the material heap to 10 -20 cm, then dry and dry or dry, granulation, packaging and so on. Do not worry too much about secondary fermentation, because the secondary fermentation is limited by the material volume, thickness, ambient temperature, moisture content, ventilation and other factors. Please indicate the source.
Beijing Huaxia Kangyuan Technology Co., Ltd. Address: 152 Mailbox, China Academy of Agricultural Sciences, No.12 South Zhongguancun Middle Street, Beijing 100081 E-mail: Or Agriculture Card Account Name: Xia Yin Website: QQ No. Hotline 81428238 13911854026

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