Harmless treatment of vegetable pests and diseases - Seed disinfection, prevention and treatment

1. Seed disinfection causes vegetables to be sick, pathogenic bacteria, viruses, eggs often mixed or lurking in the seeds, by planter sowing, nursery machine to infiltrate the vegetable field, in the seed germination, emergence, growth in the process of germination (incubation), Breeding causes harm. Therefore, vegetable farmers must seriously disinfect the seeds. There are many methods for disinfecting vegetable seeds. There are many kinds of chemical disinfection methods, such as soaking in liquid medicine and dipping and dressing of medicinal materials; physical disinfection methods such as soaking in warm water, hot boiling in boiling water, and dry heat treatment. The chemical disinfection method has good effects on prevention and control of vegetable diseases and insect pests, but it is likely to cause pesticide residues, especially for those vegetables that eat buds and eat seedlings. Therefore, the number of physical methods is the preferred method of safe disinfection. (1) Dry heat treatment disinfection: The moisture content of the seed is first reduced to below 10% by wind force and sunlight, and then placed at a high temperature of 65-70°C for 72 hours. Then soak, germinate, and sow by conventional methods. (2) boiling hot water, cold water flush: Prepare a suitable amount of boiling water, the sun dried and wrapped in gauze wrapped seeds into the water, and immediately remove it and wash it with cold water to cool. Then put it into boiling water, and then take it out and rinse it with cold water until cool. After repeated hot flushing for 3-4 times, soaking and germination with conventional methods. (3) Hot water soaking and disinfection: The seeds are first placed in a constant temperature hot water at 50°C and stirred for 15 minutes. Then let it cool naturally and soak at its natural temperature for 6-12 hours. (4) Soak the seed with warm water of 20-30°C for 5-6 hours, and then mix and scald with 60 times of hot water with 5 times the seed temperature. When the water temperature drops below 30°C, stop stirring, then soak for 15 minutes. . The scientific application of the above physical sterilization methods is not only simple and convenient, but also saves investment. It can effectively prevent and cure diseases such as epidemic diseases, downy mildew, wilt disease, sclerotinia, anthrax, scab, and gray mold in vegetables. The vegetables are not contaminated, "let people who grow vegetables feel at ease, and those who eat vegetables feel at ease." 2. Prevention of disease and blight by defensive disease is the most common soil-borne disease of cucumber and melon from seedlings to adult plants. The incidence is generally above 10%. In severe cases, the seedlings that become ridged and wilted will wilt, or even die in large areas, causing serious economic losses to the vegetable growers. In order to seek scientific methods to prevent and control these two diseases, horticultural scientists are studying comprehensive management techniques such as breeding, seed disinfection, clean gardens, scientific fertilization, and drug control, and at the same time have a strong affinity for cucumbers and melons. The artificial inoculation test was conducted on the crops to find out the mysteries of high disease resistance and fusarium wilt of pumpkins, and then the “borrowing and disease prevention” techniques using Yunnan black-skin squash seedlings as rootstocks and grafting roots of cucumbers and melons were successfully obtained. Disease prevention and disease resistance have little effect on quality, and can greatly increase the rate of seedling production and increase yield and income. The main methods are: (1) Sprout first sowing black seed pumpkin seed root seedlings. 5-6 days after the broadcast of cucumber, seedlings of the West melon seedlings panicle seedlings. When the scion seedling leaves from yellow to green, grafting begins. The specific steps are: 1 Cut the true leaves of the rootstock, and chamfer 2/5 from the top of the stem 1 cm from the cotyledon. 2 Remove the scion roots, and taper them from the root neck to the lower 0.5-1 cm of the ion leaf. 3 The scion seedling is inserted into the anvil incision and the incision of the rootstock is in close contact with the scion wedge portion. 4 Wrap the wound with a 1 cm wide, appropriate length plastic film and secure it with paper clips. Then moved into a small shed without sunshine, and moisturized under warm conditions of 20-30°C. Gradually see the light five days later, let the wind practice seedlings. After 15 days, the shed was demolished and conventional seedlings were managed. (2) rely on the first sowing cucumber, seedlings of West melon seedlings panicle seedlings. After 4-5 days, black seed pumpkin rootstock seedlings are sown in the nutrition bowl. The grafting began when the first true leaf of the scion seedling was unfolded. The method is: (1) Cut the true leaves and growing points (retaining the cotyledons) of the rootstock seedlings, chamfering 1/2 with a blade at a 40-degree angle down 1 cm below the leaves. 2 Scioning seedlings were picked, and the upper part of the stems of the seedlings were chamfered 2/3 to the cotyledon about 1.5 cm upward at a 40 degree angle. 3 Bring the two incisions of the scion and rootstock back together. 4 Wrap the wound with a plastic film of 1 cm width and suitable length and fix it with paper clips. Finally, put the cucumber root on the nutrient bowl and move it into a small arched bed and moisten it with moist soil. Wet water management for 10-15 days. When the interface is healed, cut it off. Scion seedlings hypocotyl, and then remove the sheds under conventional nursery management. (3) Plugging The scion and rootstock should be cultivated by means of cultivating and stocking seedlings. When grafting, the top of the rootstock seedlings was removed, and 0.5cm was inserted into the stem diagonally from the top of the heart with a bamboo stick. Then the scion seedlings were cut from the cotyledon 1.5-2 cm below the embryonic axis and cut into 0.5 cm long wedges inserted into the rootstock. Into the interface (note that the scion is aligned with the cotyledons of the rootstock as much as possible). Then use a plastic film strap to fix it. Move to a small greenhouse greenhouse culture with room temperature of 20°C and humidity of 90%. After one week, the cover film was peeled off and transplanted 20-25 days later.

Ganoderma Capsule

Ganoderma capsule (Reishi capsule/Lingzhi capsule) is made of USDA certified organic Ganoderma Lucidum spore powder. The Ganoderma used for this product is 100% organic and comes from our self-built Ganoderma farm, which has acquired 4 organic certificates from China, Japan, the US and the EU. During the cultivation process, not any pesticide, herbicide, or chemical fertilizer was used at all. The capsule shell we used is called Vcap vegetable capsule shell which is made of 100% plant fiber and is more stable and safer compared to regular gelatin capsule. GanoHerb guarantees that all of our product do not contain any additive, hormone, or chemically synthesized matter. 


The Ganoderma spore powder inside the capsule is rich in Ganoderma Lucidum polysaccharides and triterpenes, which help enhance overall immunity, preventing diseases and infections. In order to make the nutrients inside can be easily absorbed by human body and prevent oxidation at the same time, we use a patented technology called low temperature physical shell-breaking technology to break the cell wall of the spore powder. The wall-broken rate can reach as high as 99.5%. 

ganoderma capsule

Reishi capsule are easy to carry and use. Simply consume it with warm water. The recommended dosage is 2 times a day and 3-4 capsules each time. It is suitable for all people especially people with low immunity and under high pressure.


Ganoderma lucidum spore oil softgel (Reishi Mushroom spore oil softgel) uses organic shell-broken Ganoderma spore powder as ingredients, combined with our patented supercritical COextraction technology, making it the ultimate Ganoderma dietary supplement product on the market with the highest purity.

herbal capsule

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